Furniture front (Illustration)

Production process

Furniture front

Fronts are the visible part of carcass furniture and therefore have a decisive impact on the impression the furniture makes as a unit. By varying the front (and leaving the rest of the carcass unaltered) it is easy to realise diverse customers' requests.

Fronts with decoration or veneer coating: When choosing the type of decoration (melamine resin fronts, decorative layered material fronts) or veneered fronts, the price is the main factor. Processing can principally take place in through-feed (with large volumes), or on stationary machines (with manual stamped production or with individual furniture). 

Varnished fronts: A varnished front is a front with which the colour and structure of the varnish is at the centre of attention. Uncoated MDF boards are used as a carrier material. A base is applied after they have been mechanically processed and then they are varnished on all sides without a gap. Varnished fronts offer the largest freedom in design. They are available in high-gloss, with a metallic effect, and countless other variations.

Foils / 3 D Fronts: Fronts coated with plastic foil are an inexpensive option to produce good-looking furniture fronts. Foils can help create different edge profiles, as well as decorative surface structures. The edges and elevations seem as if they are made of one piece, because the foil is applied to the carrier board thermoplastically by vacuum. 

Decorative fronts are also made of solid wood. This option will be added later. 

Source product

Depending on the front option and desired surface coating, different work materials are used: KF coated chip board, layered boards (DKS coated chip boards), veneered chip boards, uncoated MDF boards, one-sided KF coated MDF boards, and solid wood boards.

Fibre boards (MDF/HDF)

Variants

Through-feed production is the production method with the highest performance. Through-feed lines can process 1000 parts and more per shift.

Production Process

  • Cutting the board to size

    Cut raw board (Illustration)

    Provision

    The starting material for the fronts (coated wood composite board) is provided in the board storage. The boards are taken from the storage by adapted handling and conveying technology and fed into the board cutting saw.

    Machines:
    Board storage system , Mechanisation, Robot

    Cutting

    First of all individual components, i.e. the later fronts, are cut out of the raw boards according to measure. The cut out workpieces are equipped with a barcode label for later identification, if necessary.

    Machines:
    Pressure beam saw

    Tools:
    Circular saw blade

  • Component processing

    Finished processed furniture front (Illustration)

    Format and edge processing

    In this production step, the individual components are processed to finished dimension. To do so, the four narrow sides of the workpieces are milled to remove any damage that may have occured during sawing, and to achieve the correct measurements of the workpiece. The narrow sides are coated in the same step. 

    Machines:
    Single-end tenoner, Double-end tenoner, Postforming machine

    Tools:
    Miller, Flaker, Cross-cutting saw blade, Scraper

    Drilling

    The fronts that have been made to measure, and the edges of which have been processed, are prepared for assembly. Different functional drill holes for the intended fittings and handles are made in the fronts. Drills that work in the throughfeed process are preferred for high performance amounts. 

    Machines:
    Drill

    Tools:
    Drill

Production process:Furniture front – Wood composite board, even – Production in through-feed

Tools for production process Furniture front1

Besides machinery, also additional devices and gadgets are used in woodworking. Machine tools for Furniture front production are listed here.

  • Scraping tools and auxiliary equipment

    E.g. used in:Carcass furniture, Furniture front

Necessary peripheral devices for Furniture front6

  • Board turning stations

    E.g. used in:Carcass furniture, Furniture front, Flooring

  • Driven roller conveyors

    E.g. used in:Carcass furniture, Furniture front

  • Extraction systems

    E.g. used in:Furniture front, Windows, Flooring

  • Fire and spark extinguishing systems

    E.g. used in:Furniture front, Windows, Flooring, Wooden stairs, Chip board, OSB- Oriented Strand Board

  • Infeed units

    E.g. used in:Carcass furniture, Furniture front, Flooring, Glued laminated timber, Cross laminated timber

  • Undriven roller conveyors

    E.g. used in:Carcass furniture, Furniture front

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