There is a wide range of different floor coverings made of wood: made exclusively of solid wood, as a combination of solid wood and wood-based materials, and made entirely of wood-based materials; one, two or even three layers, etc. Regional differences and preferences add to this. We have tried to describe the most important variations here.
The term LVT flooring (Luxury Vinyl Tiles) is relatively new, and its manufacture is partly similar to that of laminate flooring. We have excluded LVT from this description because it is not a wooden floor (LVT is a new type of PVC flooring).
Solid parquet or single-layer parquet: the floor is made of a single layer of solid wood. Within solid parquet there are again several variants, depending on the size of the individual parts. The choice of the laying or the laying pattern can influence the visual effect of the floor. Solid parquet has a long life span and can be reworked several times by sanding and varnishing on site when worn.
Multi-layer parquet, also known as finished parquet: the surface consists of a hard solid wood several millimetres thick, while the further structure of the board consists of one or more other materials (two-layer or three-layer parquet). The multi-layer parquet thus combines the high-quality look and feel of a real wood floor with savings in raw materials and the possibility of easier installation.
Laminate flooring consists of a carrier board made of a wood-based material (usually HDF or MDF), which is coated with a decorative surface made of resin-impregnated paper or lacquer. The decor is printed and can therefore be designed as desired. Commonly used are wood reproductions, but also ceramic tiles, natural stone etc. The quality of the reproduction is extremely good, so that it is often difficult to distinguish it from the original, at least for the layman. Laminate flooring has several advantages over solid and multi-layer parquet: Firstly, it is by far the cheapest option. Laminate flooring is also the quickest to lay of the floor coverings mentioned here. Finally, it has the lowest thickness. For example, when renovating, it is often simply laid floating on top of an existing old floor covering.
Solid parquet: Depending on the variant, different basic products are required.
Solid planks: planks rough sawn, partly with wane.
Strip parquet and mosaic parquet: raw friezes/blanks bought in the timber trade.
Multilayer parquet: Hardwood is used for the wear layer of multilayer parquet. Common types of wood are for example oak, beech, walnut, several tropical species or bamboo. Different materials are used for the underlying base layer of two-layer parquet and three-layer parquet.
Two-layer parquet: The base layer consists of veneer plywood, usually seven layers and approx. 12mm thick.
Three-layer parquet: Here the base layer is again made up of different layers. The middle layer is formed by lamellas of coniferous wood, more rarely by plywood or a fibreboard. At the very bottom there is a backing veneer.
Laminate flooring: A laminate flooring always consists of a carrier board made of wood fibres (HDF or MDF). For the production of DPL (Direct Pressure Laminate) décor paper and other papers are also required.
Overview of the different manufacturing variants
Solid parquet (One-layer parquet)
Multi-layer parquet (engineered flooring)
Link list of all production steps
- Application of the filler
- Brushing the planks
- Cross crooving
- Cutting out defects
- Final inspection
- Gluing of the top layer
- Panel dividing
- Planing of short pieces
- Profiling (multi-layer + laminate flooring)
- Sanding (mosaic parquet)
- Sanding at the installation site
- Sanding in the production process
- Splitting the blanks
- Surface coating
- Surface inspection
- Three layer parquet, core layer: cutting the boards to length
- Three-layer parquet, middle layer: ripping boards into strips
- Two-layer parquet: adhesive application
- profiling (solid parquet)
- supplying raw blanks
Necessary peripheral devices for Flooring2
E.g. used in:Carcass furniture, Windows, Flooring, Wooden stairs
Fire and spark extinguishing systems
E.g. used in:Carcass furniture, Windows, Flooring, Wooden stairs, Mass Timber, Wood-based Panels