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Carcass furniture (Illustration)

Production process

Carcass furniture

Carcass furniture (kitchen, bathroom and office furniture) is usually produced in production lines that are tailor-fit to the furniture producer's requirements. But the production process is basically always the same: the base material (normally plastic coated particle boards) is taken out of the board storage area and first cut roughly using a board circular saw to produce the individual components (top, bottom, and side walls, and fronts, if necessary).

The four edges of the components are then processed to the required finished dimensions and the processed surfaces are coated using a decorative material. This coating process is usually named 'Banding'. After banding any necessary holes are drilled into the components for later assembly.

Components, especially those for individual furniture, are processed on stationary machining centres that can be used extremely flexibly, as individual processing steps can easily be programmed. Through-feed machines are ideal for mass production, even though they are less flexible, but require far less time for processing than machining centres.

The finished components are packed either with the necessary assembly material (especially with DIY furniture), or with the required assembly material (connectors, fittings, handles, etc), and mounted on the finished piece of furniture, and are then packed for shipping. 

Source product

double-sided coated chip boards, one-sided coated HDF boards (for backs and drawer bottoms), optional: coated chip or laminated boards (for fronts), pre-fabricated fronts (MDF varnished or foiled, solid wood). 

Furniture front


Flat packed DIY furniture, built up by customer

Production Process

  • Cutting boards

    Wood composite board cut into individual workpieces (Illustration)


    Base material is kept in board storage, taken out and fed into the board cutting saw. 

    Storage systems, Mechanisation , Robot

    Cutting to size

    Individual components (side, top, bottom, shelves, etc.) are cut out of the raw boards to measure.

    Pressure beam sawing machine, Mechanisation

    Circular saw blade

  • Processing components

    Formatted furniture component with banding (Illustration)

    Formatting and edge processing

    The components are processed to measure. This includes milling of the four edges and banding. 

    Double-sided formatting and banding machines, Mechanisation

    Router, Chipper, Cross-cutting saw blade, Scraper

  • Drilling

    Drill holes in furniture components (Illustration)


    Drill holes are made in the workpieces, e.g. for fittings, dowels, and other connecting elements, as well as rows of drill holes for fitting shelves. 

    Through-feed drill


  • Commissioning

    Stacked furniture components (Illustration)


    All components required for a piece of carcass furniture, as well as the appropriate fittings, are collected at a picking station. 

    Sorting and commissioning systems

  • Packaging

    DIY furniture in packaging (Illustration)


    DIY kits are packed at the end of the process. 

    Packaging machine

Production process:Carcass furniture – Serial production – DIY furniture

Tools for production process Carcass furniture1

Besides machinery, also additional devices and gadgets are used in woodworking. Machine tools for Carcass furniture production are listed here.

  • Scraping tools and auxiliary equipment

    E.g. used in:Carcass furniture, Furniture front

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