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Carcass furniture (Illustration)

Production process

Carcass furniture

Carcass furniture (kitchen, bathroom and office furniture) is usually produced in production lines that are tailor-fit to the furniture producer's requirements. But the production process is basically always the same: the base material (normally plastic coated particle boards) is taken out of the board storage area and first cut roughly using a board circular saw to produce the individual components (top, bottom, and side walls, and fronts, if necessary).

The four edges of the components are then processed to the required finished dimensions and the processed surfaces are coated using a decorative material. This coating process is usually named 'Banding'. After banding any necessary holes are drilled into the components for later assembly.

Components, especially those for individual furniture, are processed on stationary machining centres that can be used extremely flexibly, as individual processing steps can easily be programmed. Through-feed machines are ideal for mass production, even though they are less flexible, but require far less time for processing than machining centres.

The finished components are packed either with the necessary assembly material (especially with DIY furniture), or with the required assembly material (connectors, fittings, handles, etc), and mounted on the finished piece of furniture, and are then packed for shipping. 

Source product

double-sided coated chip boards, one-sided coated HDF boards (for backs and drawer bottoms), optional: coated chip or laminated boards (for fronts), pre-fabricated fronts (MDF varnished or foiled, solid wood). 

Furniture front

Production Process

  • Cutting boards

    Wood composite board cut into individual workpieces (Illustration)

    Providing

    Base material is kept in board storage, taken out, and fed into the board cutting saw. 

    Machines:
    Storage systems, Mechanisation , Robot

    Cutting to size

    Individual components (side, top, bottom, base liners, etc.) are cut out of the raw boards to measure and labeled with a bar code. 

    Machines:
    Pressure beam saw , Portal saw, Mechanisation

    Tools:
    Circular saw blade

  • Component processing

    Furniture component with banding and bar code (Illustration)

    Formatting and edge processing

    Components are processed to finished measure. This includes milling the four edges and applying banding material. 

    Machines:
    One-sided formatting and banding machine, Mechanisation

    Tools:
    Router, Flaker, Cross-cutting saw blade, Scraper

  • Drilling, fittings, and assembly

    Fully assembled carcass furniture (Illustration)

    Drilling, fittings, and assembly

    Drill holes for fittings are made in the components. Then the carcass is assembled. 

    Machines:
    Drill, dowel fitting, and fitting machine, Carcass gluing station , Final assembly

    Tools:
    Drill

  • Packaging

    Furniture carcass in packaging (Illustration)

    Packaging

    The fully assembled carcass furniture is packaged. 

    Machines:
    Packaging machine

Production process:Carcass furniture – Lot size 1 in through-feed

Tools for production process Carcass furniture1

Besides machinery, also additional devices and gadgets are used in woodworking. Machine tools for Carcass furniture production are listed here.

  • Scraping tools and auxiliary equipment

    E.g. used in:Carcass furniture, Furniture front

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