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Carcass furniture (Illustration)

Production process

Carcass furniture

Carcass furniture (kitchen, bathroom and office furniture) is usually produced in production lines that are tailor-fit to the furniture producer's requirements. But the production process is basically always the same: the base material (normally plastic coated particle boards) is taken out of the board storage area and first cut roughly using a board circular saw to produce the individual components (top, bottom, and side walls, and fronts, if necessary).

The four edges of the components are then processed to the required finished dimensions and the processed surfaces are coated using a decorative material. This coating process is usually named 'Banding'. After banding any necessary holes are drilled into the components for later assembly.

Components, especially those for individual furniture, are processed on stationary machining centres that can be used extremely flexibly, as individual processing steps can easily be programmed. Through-feed machines are ideal for mass production, even though they are less flexible, but require far less time for processing than machining centres.

The finished components are packed either with the necessary assembly material (especially with DIY furniture), or with the required assembly material (connectors, fittings, handles, etc), and mounted on the finished piece of furniture, and are then packed for shipping. 

Source product

double-sided coated chip boards, one-sided coated HDF boards (for backs and drawer bottoms), optional: coated chip or laminated boards (for fronts), pre-fabricated fronts (MDF varnished or foiled, solid wood). 

Furniture front

Production Process

  • Cutting boards

    Wood composite board cut into individual workpieces (Illustration)


    Base material for furniture production (coated raw boards) is kept in board storage. The boards are taken out of storage and fed into the board cutting saw. 

    Storage systems


    Cutting to size

    Individual components (sides, tops, bottoms, liner bases, etc.) are cut out of the raw boards to measure.

    Pressure beam saw, Format circular saw, Vertical board saw, Mechanisation

    Circular saw blade

  • Component processing

    Formatted furniture component with banding (Illustration)

    Formatting and edge processing, drilling

    The components are completely processed. This includes applying banding material to the edges, making drill holes for fittings, as well as grooving.

    Machining centre

    Router, Circular saw blade, Scraper

  • Assembly

    Fully assembled carcass furniture (Illustration)


    A finished carcass furniture is assembled out of the individual components using the required connecting elements and glued if necessary.

    Carcass gluing station, Final assembly

  • Packaging

    Furniture carcass in packaging (Illustration)


    The fully assembled carcass furniture is packaged. The choice of packaging technology should take the furniture's weight  into account to avoid transportation damage. 

    Packaging machine

Production process:Carcass furniture – Flexible – Manual production

Tools for production process Carcass furniture5

Besides machinery, also additional devices and gadgets are used in woodworking. Machine tools for Carcass furniture production are listed here.

  • Driven roller conveyors

    E.g. used in:Carcass furniture, Furniture front

  • Scraping tools and auxiliary equipment

    E.g. used in:Carcass furniture, Furniture front

  • Stacking and bundling stations

    E.g. used in:Carcass furniture, Furniture front, Flooring

  • Undriven roller conveyors

    E.g. used in:Carcass furniture, Furniture front

  • Vacuum lifting equipment

    E.g. used in:Carcass furniture, Furniture front, Flooring

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